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美國藥廠2020元旦再提價,50余種藥物受到影響

Chris Morris 2020年01月14日

本次漲價的幅度是通脹率的兩倍之多,而且未來幾周可能還要漲價。

1月1日標志著新年的開始,標志著新的十年的揭幕,也標志著制藥業一些大廠新一輪漲價的來臨。

醫療研究機構3 Axis Advisors表示,百時美施貴寶、吉利德科學公司、渤健等制藥商在2020年伊始調整了50多種藥品的標價。

這次藥品的漲幅幾乎都不到10%,中位價大約增加了5%,不過未來幾周內還有更多藥品可能提價。

比起2019年6.3%的平均漲幅,這次提價的幅度相對較低,也低于制藥大廠承諾遵守的年均漲價上限10%。政治家們如今已經把藥品價格視為2020年美國大選的關鍵議題。

然而,比起截至2019年11月美國2.1%的年度通脹率,這次提價的幅度還是達到了兩倍以上。

雖然與前幾年相比,本次提價并不明顯,但受到影響的藥物仍然可能成為爭議點。百時美施貴寶的Opdivo和Yervoy這兩款抗癌藥和Eliquis這款處方中大量使用的血液稀釋劑都變得更加昂貴。而吉利德漲價的則是兩款治療艾滋病的藥物Biktarvy和Truvada。

自總統唐納德·特朗普在18個月前責備藥廠“毫無理由”漲價以來,藥品價格一直是美國政府的關注點。(財富中文網)

譯者:嚴匡正

The turning of the calendar to January 1st marked a new year, a new decade and new price hikes from some of the pharmaceutical industry’s biggest names.

Bristol-Myers Squibb, Gilead Sciences, Biogen and other drugmakers increased list prices on 50 drugs once 2020 began, according to healthcare research firm 3 Axis Advisors.

The price hikes are almost all below 10%, with the median price increase hovering around 5%, though more price increases could come in the following weeks.

That’s lower than the 2019 average price increase, which came in at 6.3%. And it’s within the 10% annual limit many Big Pharma companies have pledged to honor as politicians zero in on drug pricing as a key talking point in the 2020 election.

It is, however, more than twice the annual inflation rate for the United States, which stood at 2.1% for the 12 months ended November 2019.

While the increases are not excessive, compared to other pharmacological price jumps in previous years, the drugs affected could still be a point of contention. Bristol-Meyers increased the price of Opdivo and Yervoy, two cancer drugs, as well as Eliquis, a heavily prescribed blood thinner. Gilead will charge more for Biktarvy and Truvada, two HIV treatments.

Drug prices have been a focus in Washington for 18 months, after President Doanld Trump chided drug makers for raising prices “for no reason.”

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